Silvestris lybica means cat of the woods: Have a definition for Felis silvestris lybica ? The IUCN Red List status Least Concern is attributed to the species Felis silvestris, which at the time of assessment also included the African wildcat as a subspecies. However, such habitats are also where hybridization takes place and spreads. There is no information on current status or population numbers for the Asiatic wildcat's entire range, but populations are thought to be declining. Hunting is prohibited in Algeria, Israel, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria and Tunisia. Recent investigation indicates that the origin of the domestic cat lies in Mesopotamia where the first grains were cultivated. Domesticated cats all come from wildcats called Felis silvestris lybica that originated in the Fertile Crescent in the Near East Neolithic period and in ancient Egypt in the Classical period. The revised taxonomy of the Felidae provisionally recognises the following species of the Genus Felis: Felis chaus (Jungle cat), Felis nigripes (Black-footed cat), Felis margarita (sand cat), Felis bieti (Chinese mountain cat), Felis silvestris (European wildcat), Felis lybica (African wildcat) and Felis catus (domestic cat). In West Africa it is widely distributed from Mauritania to the Horn of Africa, Sudan and Ethiopia. It has been extirpated in England and Wales. A IUCN o classifica como pouco preocupante quanto seu risco de extinção. About 10,000 years ago some African Wildcats were domesticated in the Middle East and they are the ancestors of the domestic cat. Da sie zu den am weitesten verbreiteten Katzen gehört, wird sie in der Roten Liste der IUCN seit 2002 als nicht gefährdet (Least Concern) geführt. Gestation lastas for 56-68 days and at 9-12 months the wildcat reaches its sexual maturity. The territory of a male overlaps with that of a few females, who defend the territory against intruders. The wildcat have short muzzles with orange around the nose and white patches below the eyes. African Wild Cat (Felis Silvestris Lybica) The African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica), is a subspecies of the wildcat (F. silvestris). Evidence of such hybridization has been found in southern and northern Africa. Asiatic Desert Cat F.l. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Therefore, it is important to identify genetically pure African wildcats and assure their protection to prevent hybridization or disease spread from domestic cats. The species Felis lybica has not yet been separately assessed in the IUCN Red List. Required fields are marked *. The wildcat is the size of a large housecat. It is present in all east and southern African countries. Welcome into the world of the magnificent cats. Range map courtesy IUCN Red List. The wildcat is included in Appendix II of CITES but it is not protected over most of its range in Africa. The differentiation between wild and domestic cat is however complicated and difficult to do. The cat approaches its prey slowly, and attacks by pouncing on its prey as soon as it is within range (about one metre). The wildcat (including Felis silvestris and Felis lybica) is considered as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. See also . It is mainly nocturnal, especially in very hot environments or in proximity to settled areas but it can also be active in early mornings or late afternoons. Write it here to share it with the entire community. The African wildcat has a very broad habitat tolerance and is found from deserts, semi deserts, savannahs, scrub grassland to open forests in hilly and rocky terrain as well as in mixed forests. Although from some key areas no samples were available, three subspecies of Felis lybica are tentatively identified: The wildcat was domesticated around 9,000-10,000 years ago in the Southwestern Asia. It gets its prey by stalking followed by a quick attack. Another threat is the loss of habitat or habitat quality due to habitat conversion into agricultural land. Feral domestic cats also compete with wildcats for prey and habitat and wildcats can suffer from disease transmitted by domestic cats. It is discussed if the wildcat (F. silvestris) consists of five subspecies: the European wildcat (F. s. silvestris), the African wildcat (F. s. lybica), the Asiatic wildcat (F. s. ornata), the Southern African wildcat (F. s. cafra) and the Chinese mountain cat (F. s. bieti) or if F. bieti, F. silvestris and F. lybica should be considered as three recently radiated phylogenetic species, with F. lybica including the subspecies F. s. ornata and F. s. cafra. 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