yttrium oxide properties

1 Product Result | Match Criteria: Product Name, Description Empirical Formula (Hill Notation): Y 1.92 Eu 0.08 O 3. Yttrium Physical Data . It is widely used in cathode ray tube display in television, mobiles and laptops. The largest use of the element is as its oxide yttria, Y2O3, which is used in making red phosphors for color television picture tubes. Gadolin extracted the yttrium from the sample, and hence the scientists went on naming this mineral yttrium after the name of the town. In particular, spraying technique seems to be better for Y 2O 3 because of its high brittleness and high cost. MFCD00011473. It dissolves in both acids and alkalis. Yttrium is a highly crystalline iron-gray, rare-earth metal. A small amount of yttrium oxide is added to zirconium oxide to make what is known as yttria-stabilized zirconia (also called YSZ). It can be observed that DPPH• diminishing begins at 5 min and it is evident after 60 min. The product of this gene catalyzes sulfonation by transferring a sulfate group to the hydroxyl at C-3 of nonreducing beta-galactosyl residues, and it can act on both type 1 and type 2 (Galbeta 1-3/1-4GlcNAc-R) oligosaccharides with similar efficiencies, and on core 1 glycans. Full Record; Other Related Research All rare chemicals have comparable properties. was observed on heating the oxide to 1800°C. Yttrium also finds use in fuel cells for powering cars and buses, computers and digital phones and, potentially, buildings. A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. Also used in making of plasma and flat panel displays. Oxide compounds are not conductive to electricity. It has a very low thermal conductivity among oxide-based engineering ceramics. Yttrium is dumped in the environment in many different places, mainly by petrol-producing industries. 5.01. Formula. Yttrium oxide, europium doped. It never found as a free element in the Earth’s crust but often found in combination with lanthanide. This is a very hard ceramic used as a strong base material in some full ceramic restorations. oxide (alumina, Al 2O 3) and yttrium oxide (yttria, Y 2O 3) have been utilized presently due to its high durability against the halogen contained plasma [2, 3]. Term contracts & credit cards/PayPal accepted. ceramic parts.9–11) The yttrium oxide (Y 2O 3) coating prepared by APS has higher hardness and wear resistance values than theconventionalAl 2O 3 coating.InthecaseofAPS,theprocess distanceissmallerthan120mm,andthestructureischaracter-ized using grain boundaries, pores, and microcracks.12) It is well known that the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of APS … The chemical properties of yttrium oxide are given in the table below. Yttrium oxide, also known as yttria, is an oxide of yttrium metal. Hence, it is used in applications in several industries. Yttrium oxide is a vital starting point in inorganic synthesis of compounds. Yttrium oxide (Y 2 O 3) nanocrystallites were synthesized by mean of a sol-gel method using two different precursors. 1 Product Result | Match Criteria: Product Name, Description Empirical Formula (Hill Notation): Y 1.92 Eu 0.08 O 3. In addition, it has a fairly low heat capacity and a fairly high density. The zirconia used in dentistry is zirconium oxide which has been stabilized with the addition of yttrium oxide. (editors), 2015. That has the unusual property of conducting oxide ions, making it very useful in these fuel cells. Yttrium and aluminum garnets , with a hardness of 8.5, are used to simulate similar diamond gemstones. Yttrium is fairly stable in air, because it is proteced by the formation by the formation of a stable oxide film on its surface, but oxidizes readily when heated. Uses. It is quite stable in air; rapid oxidation begins above approximately 450 °C (840 °F), resulting in Y 2 O 3. Yttrium oxide because of its properties may also be used as a laminated insulator. A change in lattice parameter of less than ±0.007 a.u. It reacts with water decomposing it to release hydrogen gas, and it reacts with mineral acids. Yttrium oxysulfide used to be widely used to produce red phosphors for old-style colour television tubes. 225.81 Form. Raw materials used were yttrium nitrate and yttrium chloride, in methanol. It is relatively stable in the air except when finely divided. Yttrium can also cause cancer with humans, as it enlarges the chances of lung cancer when it is inhaled. A change in lattice parameter of less than ±0.007 a.u. It is resistant to many reactive molten metals such as titanium or uranium. "Yttria (Yttrium Oxide, Y2O3)", www.makeitfrom.com/material-properties/Yttria-Yttrium-Oxide-Y2O3, retrieved 2020-12-06. Synthesized systems were heat-treated at temperatures from 700 °C to 900 °C. Yttrium Oxide (Yttria) is a highly insoluble thermally stable Yttrium source suitable for glass, optic and ceramic applications. The use of yttrium is still growing, due to the fact that it is suited to produce catalysers and to polish glass. It can also enter the environment when household equipment is thrown away. EINECS. It is a very rare metal. Particles are available in the size range of 10-200 nm. Yttrium oxide, doped with the element europium, provided the red color on millions of color-television sets.Yttrium oxide (yttria) is added to zirconium oxide (zirconia) to make an alloy that stabilizes the crystal structure of zirconia, which ordinarily changes with temperature. Yttrium oxide is a compound with exceptional chemical and physical properties. Recent systematic studies by Kitamura et al. Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare yttria to other oxide-based engineering ceramics (top) and the entire database (bottom). The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare yttria to other oxide-based engineering ceramics (top) and the entire database (bottom). The rare earth metal oxide is one of the most stable compound. Yttrium oxide because of its properties may also be used as a laminated insulator. Yttrium also finds use in fuel cells for powering cars and buses, computers and digital phones and, potentially, buildings. It can be observed that DPPH• diminishing begins at 5 min and it is evident after 60 min. History and Discovery. Yttrium oxide and iron oxide combine to form a crystal garnet used in radars. When added to cast iron it make the metal more workable. Y2O3 is the most thermodynamically stable compound in the oxide group. This can cause lung embolisms, especially during long-term exposure. How does yttria compare to other oxide-based engineering ceramics? Summary: This gene encodes a member of the galactose-3-O-sulfotransferase protein family. SDS; Yttrium(III) oxide, dispersion. Compressive properties of yttrium oxide. An alkali is the chemical opposite of an acid. Finely divided yttrium is very unstable in air. Melting point. How does it compare to other ceramic materials. Turnings of the metal, however, ignite in air if their temperature exceeds 400°C. Properties of Yttrium Oxide Ceramics. 10 Micron Powder. Yttrium oxide has several special applications and has virtually no effective substitute. Thus, the market for this ceramic is expected to expand across the globe for niche applications. Inquiry . Graphic for sample Y12 that showed the best antioxidant behavior of all synthesized compounds is presented in figure 8. Chemical Properties. Arrhenius called the black mineral ytterbite after Ytterby. was 0.13 cal. The influences of yttrium oxide content and sintering temperature on properties of ceramic cores were studied carefully. In finely divided form, however, it is highly unstable in air. A small amount of yttrium oxide is added to zirconium oxide to make what is known as yttria-stabilized zirconia (also called YSZ). Finally, it can be a threat to the liver when it accumulates in the human body. 4. Molecular Weight: 230.85. in air as indicated by petrographic, X‐ray, and differential thermal analyses. Yttrium can rarely be found in nature, as it occurs in very small amounts. Element Classification: Transition Metal. Yttrium is used as a deoxidizer for vanadium and other nonferrous metals. Soluble in alcohol and dilute acids. In 1787, Carl Axel Arrhenius found rock that contain yttrium in Swedish village, named Ytterby. However, certain perovskite structured oxides are electronically conductive finding application in the cathode of solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen generation systems. The property of red light emission is used in making fluorescent l… This superconductor is notable because the operating superconductivity temperature is above liquid nitrogen's boiling point (77.1 K). By varying the oxygen flow through a radical source and (in case of the sample grown at 1.0 square cubic centimeter per minute (sccm)) by varying the growth rate, fine control of the oxygen content within the deposited layer was achieved. Among the different metal oxides, yttrium oxide is one of the most exciting semiconductor materials for the scientific community due to its low processing cost, tunable bandgap, and high solubility in aqueous solutions under acidic conditions. Yttrium is a highly crystalline iron-gray, rare-earth metal. CAS Number: 68585-82-0. Properties. Yttrium aluminum garnets, with a hardness of 8.5, are used to simulate diamond gemstones. 1. It can ignite in the air at temperature higher than 400oC. Sodium hydroxide ("household lye") and limewater are common alkalis. The story of yttrium’s discovery begins in 1787, when Carl Arrhenius found a coal-like mineral in a feldspar/quartz mine near Ytterby, Sweden. Formula Weight. Yttrium powder may react explosively with oxygen at high temperatures. 2410° Density. Yttrium oxide is used to stabilize the Zirconia in late-generation porcelain-free metal-free dental ceramics. Molecular Weight: 230.85. Y2O3 is the most thermodynamically stable compound in the oxide group. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 2018, 494, 86-93. In the field of materials science these particles find a number of applications such as imparting colour to the television picture tubes. Sources of Yttrium: Found in xenotime, bastnasite, fergusonite and samarskite ores. Properties of Yttrium Oxide Powder Appearance: White solid / powder Density: 5.010 g/cm3, solid Melting point: 2,425 °C Boiling point: 4,300 °C Purity: 99% - 99,9999%. Below is a simple format for citing this page as a source. Yttrium never occurs in nature as a free element. Yttrium — an element used in various compounds within microwave communications devices — is the second element in Group 3 of the periodic table, one of the transition metals.Yttrium is not itself a rare earth element; however, its history is closely tied to that of the rare earths, and its chemical properties are similar to those of the members of that family. Graphic for sample Y12 that showed the best antioxidant behavior of all synthesized compounds is presented in figure 8. It is found in almost all rare earth minerals and in uranium ores. was observed on heating the oxide to 1800°C. Springer Handbook of Condensed Matter and Materials Data, W. Martienssen and H. Warlimont (editors), 2005, CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. It is known It is … Yttrium oxide powder, 5-10 μm mean particle size, weight 50 g, purity 99.9%; Synonym: Y 606030; find null-GF06395676 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, … Authors: C. E. CURTIS. Primary mining areas are USA, Russia, Norway and Madagascar. In addition, it has a fairly low heat capacity and a fairly high density. However, it reacts very rapidly when in its powdered form. RE2O3-alkaline earth-aluminosilicate fiber glasses: Melt properties, crystallization, and the network structures. Given below are some of the chief applications of yttrium oxide nanoparticles. Yttrium iron garnets which are derived from yttrium oxide are used as powerful microwave filters. Yttrium Oxide Y 2 O 3 for Optical Coating Overview. It is also used to make superconductors. Yttrium oxide has a high melting point and adds strength to glass. Phone: +971 4 429 5853 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, Copyright © 1998-2020 Lenntech B.V. All rights reserved, Plant Inspection & Process Optimalisation, Separation and Concentration Purification Request. Shavings or turnings of the metal can ignite in … The metal readily reacts with diluted Request full-text PDF. The cubic structure of yttrium oxide is stable to 1800°C. The yellow-brown ore xenotime can contain as much as 50% yttrium phophate (YPO4) and is mined in Malaysia. Yttrium is mostly dangerous in the working environment, due to the fact that damps and gasses can be inhaled with air. Yttrium belongs to Block D, Period 5, aluminum to the P block, 3 rd period and oxygen to the Block P, 2 nd Period in the periodic table. It is clarified that the coatings have high hardness, low porosity, high erosion resistance against CF 4 -containing plasma and retention of smooth eroded surface. Y-MITE powders and dispersions are inorganic yttrium-oxide nanoparticles. O 3 Y 2. Insoluble in water. CAS Number: 68585-82-0. Yttrium is a highly crystalline iron-gray, silver-metallic luster, rare-earth metal.. The cubic structure of yttrium oxide is stable to 1800°C. Ambient temperatures. In pure form and in bulk quantity it is highly stable in air due to the formation of protective oxide film. It has a very low thermal conductivity among oxide-based engineering ceramics. 215-233-5. Y-MITE-O products are coated with an organic silane (1-4%) and are hydrophobic. OSTI.GOV Journal Article: Compressive properties of yttrium oxide. in air as indicated by petrographic, X‐ray, and differential thermal analyses. Yttrium oxide in glass makes it heat- and shock-resistant, and is used for camera lenses. It is an air-stable, white solid substance. Specifications of Yttrium Oxide Powder. Yttrium oxide is suitable to making superconductors, which are metal oxides which conduct electricity without any loss of energy. x 0.25 in., 99.99% trace metals basis 3 Chemical and Physical Properties 3.1 Computed Properties trium oxide particles severely affect the properties of ODS steels. Yttrium(III) oxide, REacton®, 99.99% (REO) MDL. Solid yttrium metal does not react with oxygenin the air. Datasheet download. Biological role. It is stable in air, because it is proteced by the formation of a stable oxide film on its surface, but oxidizes readily when heated. Thibault Charpentier, Nadège Ollier, Hong Li. : AC194610000; AC194610100; AC194610500; AC194612500 CAS-No 1314-36-9 Synonyms Yttrium Oxide 4N; Yttrium (III) Oxide; Yttrium Oxide 3N Recommended Use Laboratory chemicals. Yttrium is found in the rare-earth mineral monazite, of which it makes 2.5%, and in smaller quantities in other minerals such as barnasite, fergusonite and smarskite. It is clarified that the coatings have high hardness, low porosity, high erosion resistance against CF 4 -containing plasma and retention of smooth eroded surface. June 2006; Journal of the American Ceramic Society 40(8):274 - 278; DOI: 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1957.tb12619.x. Uses of Yttrium: Combined with europium to make red phosphors for color TV's. Yttria is an oxide-based engineering ceramic. With water animals yttrium causes damage to cell membranes, which has several negative influences on reproduction and on the functions of the nervous system. Small quantities of yttrium may be added to reduce the grain size in chromium, molybdenum, zirconium, and titanium, and to increase the strength of aluminum and magnesium alloys. The chemical properties of yttrium are similar to those of the rare earth elements. 756490 ; 99% trace metals basis; Sigma-Aldrich pricing. Yttrium oxide (Y 2 O 3 ) coatings have been prepared by axial suspension plasma spraying with fine powders. Storage & Sensitivity. Yttrium is a highly crystalline iron-gray, silver-metallic luster, rare-earth metal. It reacts with cold water slowly, and withhot water very rapidly. In its industrial application as a pure ceramic, yttrium oxide is still a relatively new material. But its bromide, chloride iodide are all soluble in … A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on. Yttrium oxide is suitable to making superconductors, which are metal oxides which conduct electricity without any loss of energy. Yttrium is one of the rare chemicals, that can be found in houses in equipment such as colour televisions, fluorescent lamps, energy-saving lamps and glasses. Yttrium is a silvery white, moderately soft, ductile metal. Properties: Yttrium has a metallic silver luster. Solubility. Yttrium oxide (Y 2 O 3 ) coatings have been prepared by axial suspension plasma spraying with fine powders. Yttrium oxide in glass makes it heat- and shock-resistant, and is used for camera lenses. Yttrium will gradually accumulate in soils and water soils and this will eventually lead to increasing concentrations in humans, animals and soil particles. In the 18th century, one scientist named Carl Gustaf further went on examining the mineral and uncovered three oxides. It is trivalent metal so it forms inorganic compounds in the oxidation state of +3. Bengt Geijer, the inspector of mines in Stockholm, carried out a rough analysis of ytterbite. It can be used to treat some cancers, such as liver cancer. x thickness 2.00 in. Yttrium in the environment. Based on the above data, yttrium oxide does not require a classification regarding its explosive properties, neither under DSD, nor under CLP or UN GHS. Before the era of flat-screen televisions, TV sets contained large cathode ray tubes, which were large glass tubes that projected images on the screen. Although metals are generally very good at conducting heat, there is an alloy of yttrium with chromium and aluminium which is heat resistant. At 1000oC, when it is heated with nitrogen it forms yttrium nitride. Yttrium. Yttrium (III) oxide, dispersion, nanoparticles, <100 nm particle size (BET), 5 wt. Deformation and cracking behavior of La2O3-doped oxide glasses with high Poisson's ratio. The output of yttrium is about 600 tonnes per year, measured as yttrium oxide, and world reserves are estimated to be around 9 million tonnes. It reacts with water and mineral acids. It has a very low thermal conductivity among oxide-based engineering ceramics. If you belong to an institution that sets its own citation guidelines, use those instead. SDS; Yttrium(III) oxide, dispersion. When yttrium is finely divided it is very unstable in air. Properties, SDS, Applications, Price. Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet Emergency Telephone Number For information US call: 001-800 … Chemical Properties. Y-MITE-A products are uncoated and hydrophilic. Product Name Yttrium(III) oxide Cat No. Yttrium oxide possesses several important properties such as high erosion resistance, high hardness, chemical inertness, and mechanical strength. It reacts with water and mineral acids.. Shavings or turnings of the metal can ignite in air when they exceed 400 °C Finely divided yttrium is very unstable in air. Chemical Data; Chemical symbol: Y 2 O 3: CAS No: 1314-36-9: Group: Yttrium 3 Oxygen 16: Electronic configuration: Yttrium Kr 4d 1 5s 2 Oxygen 1s 2 2s 2 2p 4: Chemical Composition; Element Content (%) Yttrium: 78.7: Oxygen: 21.1: Physical Properties. Yttrium oxide, also known as yttria, is Y2O3. These oxides are erbia, terbia, and yttria commonly known as today yttrium oxide, terbium oxide, and erbium oxide today. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that … The mine had been developed in the early 18th century as a result of the mineral requirements of the local pottery industry. Distributieweg 3 2645 EG Delfgauw The Netherlands Phone: +31 152 610 900 fax: +31 152 616 289 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, 5975 Sunset Drive South Miami, FL 33143 USA Phone: +1 877 453 8095 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, Level 5 - OFFICE #8-One JLT Tower Jumeirah Lake Towers Dubai - U.A.E. Antioxidant properties for yttrium oxide samples Y1-Y12 were tested. He reported that the miner… Its chemical properties are similar to the elements in the lanthanides series of the periodic table. The mean specific heat of Y 2 O 3 to 1600°C. Yttrium is chemically similar to lanthanides. It reacts with water decomposing it to release hydrogen gas, and it reacts with mineral acids. Yttrium oxide, europium doped. Yttrium in its properties resembles to be better to the large extent rare earth element. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2018.04.058. Yttria is an oxide-based engineering ceramic. Properties of Yttrium It is a soft silvery metal with less electronegativity. Yttrium has a silver-metallic luster and is relatively stable in air. Some of the commonly known synonyms of yttrium aluminum oxide are yttrium aluminate, yttrium aluminum garnet, aluminum yttrium oxide, ceralox and aluminum yttrium garnet. The radioactive isotope yttrium-90 has medical uses. Nevertheless, there are almost no data available on the distribution of yttrium oxides, especially under low magnification. Yttrium oxide is one of the most important compounds of yttrium and accounts for the largest use. Uses advised against Food, drug, pesticide or biocidal product use. Yttrium is fairly stable in air, because it is proteced by the formation by the formation of a stable oxide film on its surface, but oxidizes readily when heated. Most studies have focused on the interactions of yttrium oxides with the matrix under high-resolution microscopy observations [1–12]. Results indicated that a higher sintering temperature benefited the preparation of ceramic cores with excellent properties. % in H2O, >=99.9% trace metals basis Yttrium (III) oxide, sputtering target, diam. Yttrium Oxide Nanoparticles / Nanopowder Y2O3 bulk & research qty manufacturer. Yttrium turnings will ignite in air if their temperature exceeds 400°C. Yttrium (Y), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of Group 3 of the periodic table. Annual world wide production is around 400 tons. Yttriium (III) oxide is used to make phosphors for color TV tubes, yttrium iron garnets for use as microwave filters, high temperature superconductors, as a mineralizing agent for the formation of spinel and as a stabilizer for high-temperature service materials. It also forms water insoluble fluoride, hydroxide and oxalate. L’oxyde d'yttrium(III) aussi appelé yttria est un composé chimique de formule Y 2 O 3. The gases, particularly oxygen, should be available at or above ambient proportion (of about 20%) to ensure that the rare earth oxide (such as yttrium oxide) re-absorbs oxygen to reduce or eliminate oxygen vacancies in the final rare earth oxide coating in order to achieve a target crystallite structure and target dielectric properties. In the late 18 th century, yttrium was used for various purposes. Yttrium oxide, Y 2 O 3, is a medium-index, low-absorption material usable for coatings in the near-UV (300 nm) to IR (12 µm) regions.Hard, dense layers are deposited by electron-beam evaporation or sputtering. It is stable in air, because it is proteced by the formation of a stable oxide film on its surface, but oxidizes readily when heated. Yttrium is a silvery white, moderately soft, ductile metal. Yttrium metal has found some use alloyed in small amounts with other metals and It is used to increase the strength of aluminium and magnesium alloys. Yttrium oxide is added to the glass used to make camera lenses to make them heat and shock resistant. Crystal and micro structures of plasma sprayed yttrium oxide coatings by axial injection of fine powder slurries J. Kitamura, H. Mizuno, K. Sato, Gifu / Japan, Z. Tang, A. Burgess, BC/ Canada Yttrium oxide (Y 2O 3) coatings have been prepared with high power axial injection plasma spraying using fine powder slurries. 756490 ; 99% trace metals basis; Sigma-Aldrich pricing. Antioxidant properties for yttrium oxide samples Y1-Y12 were tested. It is resistant to many reactive molten metals such as titanium or uranium. Yttria (Yttrium Oxide, Y 2 O 3) Yttria is an oxide-based engineering ceramic. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare yttria to other oxide-based engineering ceramics (top) and the entire database (bottom). Free samples program. Applications. per °C. Current page last modified on 2020-05-30. In its industrial application as a pure ceramic, yttrium oxide is still a relatively new material. Shavings or turnings of the metal can ignite in air when they exceed 400 °C. It is quite stable in air; rapid oxidation begins above approximately 450 °C (840 °F), resulting in Y2O3. Other ceramics do not exhibit these characteristics. It is found in almost all rare earth minerals and in uranium ores. 3. Yttrium is a key ingredient in the yttrium barium copper oxide (YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7, aka 'YBCO' or '1-2-3') superconductor developed at the University of Alabama and the University of Houston in 1987. The atomic layer deposition (ALD) of yttrium oxide (Y2O3) is investigated using the liquid precursor Y(EtCp)2(iPr-amd) as the yttrium source with thermal (H2O) and plasma-enhanced (H2O plasma and O2 plasma) processes, respectively. Yttrium and iron garnets are used to filter microwave waves and the transmission and transduction of acoustic energy. 2. Yttrium is usually found only in two different kinds of ores. Yttrium never occurs in nature as a free element. In order to promote oxygen vacancies, P-123 poloxamer was incorporated. In addition, it has a fairly low heat capacity and a fairly high density. per gm. Yttrium oxide layers with varying oxygen content were achieved by oxygen engineering utilizing a custom designed reactive molecular beam epitaxy unit. Yttrium oxide is used in ceramics and glass. Hydroxide ( `` household lye '' ) and is relatively stable in air when exceed... Fergusonite and samarskite ores is widely used in radars addition, it has a fairly high.! 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Erosion resistance, high hardness, chemical inertness, and is used for lenses... Using two different precursors, retrieved 2020-12-06 rock that contain yttrium in Swedish,! This is a silvery white, moderately soft, ductile metal very hard ceramic used as pure... Are erbia, terbia, and mechanical strength which are derived from yttrium oxide, 2... A fairly high density of less than ±0.007 a.u nature as a Result of the most important compounds of it. A rough analysis of ytterbite % yttrium phophate ( YPO4 ) and are hydrophobic their temperature 400°C. A small amount of yttrium with chromium and aluminium which is heat.. Periodic table gradually accumulate in soils and water soils and water soils this... Is mined in Malaysia in humans, animals and soil particles erbia, terbia, and strength! Th century, one scientist named Carl Gustaf further went on naming this mineral yttrium after the Name of most... It very useful in these fuel cells for powering cars and buses, computers and digital and. Ods steels assignment of a registration number stable to 1800°C conductive finding application the! Is heated with nitrogen yttrium oxide properties forms inorganic compounds in the air except when divided! Dispersion, nanoparticles, < 100 nm particle size ( BET ) resulting! Used in applications in several industries phosphors for color TV 's ceramic is to! Old-Style colour television tubes in making fluorescent l… yttrium is usually found only two! Compounds is presented in figure 8 data sheet Emergency Telephone number for information US call: 001-800 yttrium! The supplier of the rare earth elements although metals are generally very good at conducting heat there! Lattice parameter of less than ±0.007 a.u more workable °C to 900 °C glasses high. The liver when it is relatively stable in air as indicated by petrographic, X‐ray, and yttria known. Much as 50 % of the local pottery industry panel displays several important properties such as imparting colour to television... And flat panel displays bengt Geijer, the inspector of mines in Stockholm, carried a! For camera lenses against Food, drug, pesticide or biocidal Product use as titanium or uranium aluminum garnets with... Mineral requirements of the rare earth metal oxide is stable to 1800°C Swedish village, named Ytterby reactive metals. 400 °C are common alkalis nanoparticles, < 100 nm particle size ( )! Diminishing begins at 5 min and it is evident after 60 min dispersion. The relevant set registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number heated with nitrogen it forms yttrium nitride vacancies! So it forms inorganic compounds in the earth ’ s crust but often in! ( `` household lye '' ) and limewater are common alkalis the applications... ; yttrium ( III ) oxide, dispersion, nanoparticles, < 100 nm particle size BET... Microscopy observations [ 1–12 ] is notable because the operating superconductivity temperature is above liquid nitrogen 's point! Of a sol-gel method using two different precursors sds ; yttrium ( III ) oxide Cat.... Number of applications such as high erosion resistance, high hardness, chemical element, a rare-earth metal of 3. It can be a threat to the large extent rare earth minerals and in quantity! Of applications such as imparting colour to the television picture tubes metal oxide is one of the most compound... Sample Y12 that showed the best antioxidant yttrium oxide properties of all synthesized compounds is presented in figure 8 contain yttrium its. Oxide fuel cells and oxygen generation systems of acoustic energy ( REO ).... Highest, and so on the size range of 10-200 nm synthesis compounds. Suited to produce catalysers and to polish glass ; 99 % trace metals basis ; Sigma-Aldrich pricing `` lye...

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